Johnson links his chosen authors, or "wounded healers," through their aesthetic, psychological, or scientific interests in the supernatural 7, With its gripping biographies and unsettling statistics, the volume strives to synthesize the dysfunctional patterns of the private house and the disordered dynamics of the public sphere, which contributed to prolonged mourning.
In line with his "sympathetic" orientation to spiritualist practices of communication between the living and the dead, Johnson favors a harmonizing view of psychic and social divisions, although he acknowledges the limits of repair in some cases 3. Yet, if Kipling's obsession with his missing son and his exploration of uncanny phenomena contributed, in part, to the creation of "a new psychoclass of group fantasies" that bolstered bereftreaders, such fantasies also raised disturbing ethical and political questions about the intergenerational and imperial reproduction of violence that Johnson ignores He upholds spiritualism as an oppositional mode of dealing with loss; however, memorial practices, whether civic or mystic, may reinforce as well as subvert dominant norms.
Spargo delineates When Johnson conflates psychological healing with social critique, he oversimplifies postwar mourning processes.
- Mourning and Mysticism in First World War Literature and Beyond: Grappling with Ghosts.
- Middle Powers and Commercial Diplomacy: British Influence at the Kennedy Trade Round?
- Kitty Steals the Show (Kitty Norville, Book 10).
Johnson conceives of mysticism in general terms as "at-onement with God"; the Christian writer Evelyn Underhill defines it as a universal tendency towards "complete harmony with the transcendental order" 4, 5. An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.
Read preview. Read preview Overview. Canonization or Exclusion? Brown, J. Merle Rubin regularly reviews literature and contemporary fiction. The Christian Science Monitor, November 12, Longinus fl.taylor.evolt.org/zahix-la-nava-de.php
Johnson, George M. (George Malcolm) [WorldCat Identities]
Swedish literature The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. In keeping with his focus on creative individuals, the author disregards cultural and social developments that might account for waning investments in mediumship and its comforting visions of the afterlife cf.
Hazelgrove — Mourning and Mysticism treats literature as a mode of therapeutic expression, an avenue of psychological and spiritual transformation. She describes an insecure pattern of childhood attachment typified by ambivalence and inhibition in environments necessitating frequent behavioral adaptation Johnson classifies all of his chosen writers under this rubric. Johnson accentuates their serial efforts to manage relational anxieties through creative writing that often features fantastic and supernatural elements.
Johnson generates insights into attachment models that motivate reparative strategies although he overlooks other facets of interpretation. Johnson illustrates avoidant-resistant patterns in dramatic vignettes.
While he mobilizes the affective investments of readers, he also discloses his identifications with his subjects. In the first chapter, Myers, a boy of eight, confronts the death of his father and counsels his distraught mother.
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In the final chapter, Huxley, an adolescent of sixteen, suffers the effects of a serious eye infection possibly exacerbated by paternal carelessness. Subsequently, they each mourned the loss of a loved one to suicide. In another vignette, Johnson imagines the meeting of Sinclair and Woolf They both negotiated conflicted relationships and serial bereavements; neither woman had children. The monograph catalogues many impaired caregivers who contended with addiction, depression, or illness.
Moreover, bullies tormented Lodge, Doyle, Kipling, and Huxley in boarding schools. In turn, some writers subjected their offspring to abuse, manipulation, or neglect, perpetuating destructive intergenerational cycles. These attachment scripts generally constrain prospects for social change, although exceptional individuals may disrupt formative patterns through creative initiatives.
This engrossing monograph may stimulate further research on interpersonal bonds and extreme events. In a distinct but related study, The Secret Battle , Michael Roper contemplates mother-son attachments in order to fathom the emotional states of trench combatants 24— Yet Johnson prioritizes civilian perspectives on loss, underestimating the psychosocial conflicts engendered by industrial warfare for both soldiers and veterans cf. Winter 64— While childhood patterns and historical crises may interrelate and overlap, they also involve disparate contexts, participants, and ramifications.
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More rigorous engagement with trauma might illuminate the fundamental issues of perpetration, victimization, and violence that exceed familial paradigms. Given the public promotion of state interests by Kipling and others, convergences and divergences between personal observances and official commemorations merit careful consideration cf. Edkins 57—